Dwarf Fortress started development in 2001, and no public release was made until 2006.
Originally the game was simply 2D (meaning, there were no z levels. You could not go up or down). There was no variety in the maps. On the left, there is a grassland, and on the right side, there is a mountain, further in a cave river, chasm, magma and then adamantine/the Pits.
Then, the 3D version was released, with the major addition of Z levels, and mechanics. This expanded gameplay tremendously, but made underground rivers, magma, and creatures etc unique to their landscape. To clarify, this is not in a 3D view, but adds 3D features. Whereas in the 2D version you could go left and right, x and y axis, the 3D version adds up/down, the z-axis. Once more, THIS IS FROM THE SAME VIEW AS THE 2D VERSION, TOP-DOWN.
Released on April Fools Day 2010, DF 2010, the latest big update, was an overhaul to a huge chunk of the game, that took over a year to do! For example, Combat has been changed, materials and items reworked, Dwarven Healthcare introduced, Burrows created and the Underground overhauled, to name a few! Take a look in the new version subsection of the Features section for a more detailed changelog of what's been added/changed!
The latest 2D version is here
Note: The 2D version is no longer updated and lacks many of the features you may be used to in the 3D version, though it's still a lot of fun.
The latest 3D version is here:
Military Use in DF2010:
Before you can do ANYTHING with your military, you need to designate a militia commander in the noble screen (n). Don't worry, he doesn't have any requirements and doesn't set mandates. While you're at it, designate an arsenal dwarf too, and give him an office somewhere - he's the fortress quartermaster, and without him your squads won't end up with any equipment other than what they were already wearing.
The way it works now is that every squad leader is designated in the noble screen - once you designate a militia commander it will open up a slot for "Militia captain", and once you designate one of those it opens another captain slot, etc. As far as I can tell, these roles are all functionally equivalent.
Once you've designated a commander/captain, going to the military screen (m) will show that dwarf under the "Squads/Leaders" heading and you'll notice an option to create a new squad. Doing that changes the the display of the dwarf from his name to the squad's name. You can then fill out the squad from anyone in the fort by filling in the "Squad Positions" heading.
Okay, here's where people seem to start getting lost: Equipping your squad. The first thing you should look at is the "Uniforms" tab. You don't actually need to change anything here, but it's good to understand how just in case you want to. Each option under the "Uniforms" heading is essentially a pre-designed set of equipment that you can quickly apply to any individual soldier or entire squad. You can create new uniforms if you want and add or remove items from any uniform by navigating this menu.
Now go over to the "Equip" tab. Here's where you can apply those uniforms to individuals or squads. You can also straight edit a dwarf's equipment from this screen - if you want to give someone an artifact for instance, you can just select him, go over to his equipment list, get rid of whatever the normal uniform option is for that slot, and hit the hotkey listed at the top for whatever type of item the artifact is - if you select "Specific X" it will give you another list of all the items of that type in the fort (I believe it sorts by highest quality at the top, so you don't need to hunt around for the best stuff). If your squad is using ranged weapons, head over to the "Ammunition" tab and assign them something from there (If you don't care what they use, you still need to give them ammo - just pick "Bolts" and it will default to any bolts they can find).
If you've got an arsenal dwarf with an office, your squad should now retrieve their assigned equipment as soon as the arsenal dwarf signs off on it (Assuming they can find any that meet the types you set).
Getting your Squad to do Something
Here's another big stumbling block a lot of people are having - training. It's not quite so simple as just designating a barracks and letting your dwarves have at it anymore - though once you know what to do it's not that complicated, and it gives you a LOT more control over military behaviour than before.
First thing you should do is designate a barracks somewhere, the same way you would have in the previous version (Though you can also designate barracks from a lot of other object types than beds now - any storage object can also be used to designate a barracks or armoury room).
Once you've designated a barracks, you'll notice a list of the squads in your fort in the info pane. This is where you set how the squad uses the barracks - it defaults to empty so if you don't do anything here, your squad won't even know the barracks exists. You probably want to at least enable "Train" and "Sleep", though really what you set here is up to you, it's more important that you know it exists. If you don't have the squad set to "Train" at any of your designated barracks, they won't train. There are also options for storing equipment here - I haven't seen my dwarves doing this but I've got them all set to just leave their stuff on even off-duty, so I imagine it's more meaningful if they switch to civvies. There's also a "Position" option where you can assign specific beds/storage to specific dwarves. I don't think this is too important unless you REALLY want a particular dwarf to have the NICE armour rack. If they aren't assigned they'll just use whatever they feel like, as normal.
Now, just designating the barracks won't get them to train - because they're still off-duty. Head back to the military screen and go to the "Alerts" tab. This is sort of like the uniform tab in that it's a way to quickly assign specific behaviours to a squad - though unlike the uniform tab you really HAVE to use this one. All squads default to inactive until you set them to an alert level - you can create your own custom alerts but to keep it simple for now, just set a squad to "Active/Training". Note that to set a squad alert level, first you scroll down to the alert, then you scroll across to the squad, THEN you hit enter. If you just hit enter on the alert itself, it will set the civilians in the fort to this - for "Active/Training" it's essentially meaningless, but you can use this to order civilians to a safe area in the event of an attack (Kind of like the old "Keep indoors" option, but much better since they don't keep trying to run out the front door and turning around).
Once you've set the squad's alert level, head over to the "Schedule" tab. Along the top you'll have a list of all the squads in your fort, and on the side will be a list of the game months. Now, this is important, on the VERY top of the screen, above the squad list, is the name of the currently selected alert level. You can change this with the */ buttons on the numpad - what you're doing here is setting the squad's orders for each month when they're set to the selected alert level. If you're on "Active/Training", every month probably says "Train".
Here's the thing - the game defaults to a REALLY stupid option that most people are probably going to miss - notice on the bottom, in blue, how it says "Train, 10 minimum"? What that means is that if you have less 10 dwarves in that squad set to training (Which will always be the case since squads max out at 10), it will FORCE members of the squad to train, even when they're exhausted or starving. If you don't change this, your dwarves will be EXTREMELY miserable after a while - they might even starve to death while training - I'm not sure. Either way, hit "e" to edit the order, and use the /*-+ buttons to set the minimum to something like 1 or 2 less than the number of dwarves you have in your squad.
If you hit "o" while on this screen, you can scroll through all the other options for orders you can give your squads. All of them except for Train will require you to set either burrows or notes while I'll explain in the next section. For now just leave it on train.
Don't forget that orders are set per month - so you only set the minimum down for one month. Copy/paste the order into all the other months. Alternatively, if you want to give your dwarves time off, you can just hit x on an order and it will set them to inactive for that month. You can also use "o" to give them more than one order during a given month, though I'm not sure how this works (My guess is that if you set your minimums properly, the squad will split evenly between the two activities to maintain the minimum values of both).
If you've set everything I mentioned above, your dwarves SHOULD spend some time training in the barracks now. Bear in mind this is a new release and pretty buggy, and dwarves weren't exactly rocket scientists in the last version either, so it might seem like they spend a lot of time waiting around for an instructor or instructee. If you just leave them alone and don't worry about it, eventually they'll figure it out and start getting some training done.
Burrows and Notes
This is a more advanced feature of the new military options - it's similar to the old station and patrol options, but a lot more flexible because of the new alert level settings.
First things first - if you want your dwarves to guard an area, you need to set a burrow. It's pretty self-explanatory how to do that once you hit "w" from the main menu - just cover the area you want the dwarves to defend. Note that bigger is better here, at least if you want your dwarves to cover a wide area. Dwarves will detect intrusions into a burrow, and if they're set to guard that burrow, they'll immediately run to the point of the intrusion - so don't set the burrow to one square to try to get the dwarves to stand at the entrance or something. Just set it to the area you want guarded.
Burrows have a few other uses as well - you can assign civilians to burrows and what that means is that they'll only use things that are in that burrow - workshops, dining rooms, etc. Note that they'll still gather material from outside the burrow if it's not close at hand, so don't worry about dwarves starving in a burrow because there's no food in it.
Notes are how you set a patrol route. This is a bit more complicated than it used to be, but essentially, first you have to plant notes at all the points you want the dwarves to patrol, then you need to hit "r" from the note menu to bring up the routes list, and create a new patrol route and then add waypoints to it. It might seem excessively cumbersome, but the reason behind this is that you can use the same points for multiple patrol routes, if you want different squads to follow different paths.
For either of these, once you've set up the burrow/route, you can set a squad to use them via the "Schedule" screen, the same way you edit their training schedule. You can also set dwarves to just stand at a particular note like the old station option, but honestly using burrows sounds better to me. A good idea is probably to create a new alert level for "Active" duty versus just training, so you can quickly have switch your dwarves between patrolling and training.
There's also a "Burrows" header on the alerts tab of the military menu. To be honest, I don't actually know what this does. My guess is it's used to send civilians to certain burrows if you set the civilian alert level to a burrow restricted alert.
This is probably the simplest thing to figure out of all the new options, but I figure I might as well be thorough. First thing is open the squad menu with "s" and select a squad with a,b,c etc. (You can also select multiple squads by holding down shift and selecting a squad). Honestly, from here it's pretty intuitive. Just hit the appropriate button for the order you want to give, pick a target, and watch them go.
You can also give orders to individual members of squads by toggling from "Select squads" to "Select individuals" with p, then selecting a squad and picking someone/multiple people from inside it.
I'm pretty sure that covers most of the basics. There's probably more advanced stuff I haven't gotten the chance to see yet, but that should at least get people far enough to have a squad training or patrolling the fort. If you guys think this looks good, I'll probably post it to the DF wiki.
The most stunning feature of Dwarf Fortress is that it creates a randomly generated, persistent world for you to play in. (The world is only "on" when you are actually playing in it, however.) When you die in either the adventure or fortress modes, your next game will be in the same world, albeit a few days later. You can visit your old fortress, or get revenge on the monster that killed your adventurer. If your fortress or your adventurer had done anything of particular note, there's a chance that the game will generate a legend for them, which you can read about in the legends section. (Provided you've discovered enough information about the legend)
[LIST][*] The world is randomly generated with distinct civilizations spanning over 1000 years of history, dozens of towns, hundreds of caves and regions with various wildlife.[*] The world persists as long as you like, over many games, recording historical events and tracking changes.[*] Command your dwarves as they search for wealth in the mountain.[*] Craft treasures and furniture from many materials and improve these objects with precious metals, jewels and more.[*] Defend yourself against attacks from hostile civilizations, the wilderness and the depths.[*] Support the nobility as they make demands of your populace.[*] Keep your dwarves happy and read their thoughts as they work and relax.[*] Z coordinate allows you to dig out fortresses with multiple levels. Build towers or conquer the depths.[*] Build floodgates to divert water for farming or to drown your adversaries.[*] Much much more...[*] Play an adventurer and explore, quest for glory or seek vengeance.[*] Meet adversaries from previous games.[*] Recruit people in towns to come with you on your journey.[*] Explore without cumbersome plot restrictions.[*] Seamlessly wander the world -- 197376 x 197376 squares total -- or travel more rapidly on the region map.[*] Accept quests from the town and civilization leaders.[*] Retire and meet your old characters. Bring them along on an adventure with a new character or reactivate them and play directly.[*] Z coordinate allows you to move seamlessly between dungeon levels and scale structures fighting adversaries above and below.[*] The combat model uses skills, body parts, wrestling, charging and dodging between squares, bleeding, pain, nausea, and much more.[*] A dynamic weather model tracks wind, humidity and air masses to create fronts, clouds, rain storms and blizzards.[*] Over two hundred rock and mineral types are incorporated into the world, placed in their proper geological environments.[*] Add new creatures, weapons, plants, metals and other objects via modifiable text files.[*] Extended ASCII character set rendered in 16 colors (including black) as well as 8 background colors (including black).[/LIST]
DF 2010 Features
These features were added/changed by the release of DF 2010.
[LIST][*] The material system has been rewritten, and just about everything is made from a material now.[*] It is now possible to track the identity of certain materials, such as blood spatter.[*] The color of a base material will now have more affects - a wagon made out of featherwood will reflect the color of the wood.[*] Material breath weapons are possible, and be made of any material. These are mainly linked with poisons, and when inhaled by a creature, they will become poisoned.[*] Small amounts of certain materials (blood, snow, etc.) can accumulate in a tile.
[LIST][*] For example, if enough liquid gold accumulates in a tile it will cool into a glob of gold.[*] This also works for materials such as liquid (molten) metal, which will cool into a glob which can then be used to melt down into a bar.[/LIST] [*] Weapons and armor now use various "real world" attributes to calculate their effectiveness. Each material (rock, metal) uses the following:
[LIST][*] Density[*] Impact/Shear Yield[*] Impact/Shear Fracture[*] Impact/Shear Elasticity[*] Edge[/LIST] [*] "We've also got water freezing into frosty stuffs on people if they get wet and then step out into the cold, and steam coming off of spirits of fire in the rain." - Toady[*] Moving water will now push around powders and liquids (such as blood).
[LIST][*] It also keeps track of how much of the liquid or powder there is.[/LIST] [/LIST]Raws Overhaul
[LIST][*] Entity positions are now stored in the raw folders, allowing for custom positions through modding, as well as editing existing positions as you see fit.
[LIST][*] These include the new military positions.[/LIST] [*] Attributes have also moved into the raws, allowing you set all sorts of values such as how fast an attribute increases.[*] Many objects - trees, plants, stones, etc. - now have material lists in the raws.
[LIST][*] Some raws have been merged, such as trees/plants, and stones/metals.[/LIST] [*] A region's raw files are now stored in their respective save folder.[/LIST]d# Series Improvements
[LIST][*] Translucent tilesets are supported, using PNG.[*] The DF window can be resized on the fly.[*] The grid size is autogenerated on startup; such init.txt settings are ignored.[*] Current desktop size is used for fullscreen size if fullscreen resolution is set to 0x0.[*] The DF window can be zoomed on the fly using the mouse wheel. There are two modes, it defaults to mode 1. Pressing mouse wheel switches modes. Pressing F12 resets mode 1, not 2. In mode 1, the zoom from mode 2 is not visible. (And yes, you can use both at once).[*] The keyboard input system has been totally rewritten:
[LIST][*] You can bind multiple keys to one command.[*] You can create keyboard macros.[*] Input bindings are divided into sections.[/LIST] [*] Lots of bugfixes and performance improvements.[/LIST]Arena Mode
[LIST][*] Arenas are now in the game, accessed via a special mode that has to be turned on it in the init file.[*] You can make as many creatures of any type a you want, equip them with any items you want, etc.
[LIST][*] Items can be made out of any of the current logical materials.[/LIST] [*] You can also assign them to teams or have them go at it solo.[*] The arena itself contains a flat fighting area as well as a pool of magma and water.[/LIST]Squads
[LIST][*] The fortress guard is considered a squad under the sheriff, and the royal guard is considered a squad under the Hammerer.[*] Captains can be appointed under your military leader and lead squads.[*] There is a system in place that will try its best to keep your schedules staffed, going so far as finding replacements when soldiers get hungry/tired, as well as forcing soldiers to stay on duty if no replacements are found.[*] You have complete control over how squads handle rations - food and drink stored in backpacks and flasks - and alcohol can now be stored as a drink option.[*] Champions are no more. You now have one single fortress champion.[*] "Lord" soldiers aren't restricted in their weapon choice, and can be made into a civilian again.[*] Beds, racks, stands, boxes/chests and cabinets can now be assigned to squad positions.[*] You can now use the note making system to lay out stations and patrol routes for your squads.[*] Sparring has been redone.[*] A dwarf skilled in one skill can teach students via demonstrations of how to fight. This is set up in a classroom environment, so no actual sparring takes place (less dangerous).
[LIST][*] Even slightly skilled dwarves can teach people below them.[*] There are also instructor monitored drill and sparring sessions.[*] They can currently teach weapon skills, wrestling, dodging, punching (grasp strikes), kicking (stance strikes), shield and armor use. They can also teach general close-quarters/ranged combat principles.[/LIST] [*] Personalities play a role in these lessons. Naturally lazy dwarves will have a harder time learning and concentrating, though they can overcome them with skill/attribute increases.
[LIST][*] An instructor's personality is also taken into account, as a naturally reckless instructor is more willing to send green recruits into sparring sessions.[/LIST] [*] Squad selection/orders can now occur in real time.[*] The entire military menu has been entirely redone.[*] You can issue orders to several squads at once or several individuals across different squads.[*] Kill orders are now possible. You can select any creature your fort does not control to be killed.[*] You can give squads nicknames if you wish.
[LIST][*] You can also give your barracks nicknames to help keep them separated.[/LIST] [/LIST]Squad Equipment Changes
[LIST][*] There is now a "quartermaster" position who handles various equipment delegations.[*] You can now establish "uniforms" for your soldiers. With it, you can assign specific armor, weapons, and other such equipment that you want all soldiers in a squad to wear.
[LIST][*] This allows for you to establish either equipment protocols (I want this squad to carry a sword and a shield) or literal uniforms, such as all guards wearing dyed blue cloaks.[/LIST] [*] Soldiers know the difference between training, battle, and civilian equipment, and when/how to switch between them, as well as how to store them, which is usually done in barracks via boxes (which can be assigned to squads).
[LIST][*] The above also extends to woodcutters/miners, who know how to properly retrieve/store their picks and axes.[*] Equipment can be stored in squad boxes.[/LIST] [*] You can now handle ammo allocation by material, so you can set aside metal bolts for battle and wooden bolts for training. Squads will maintain such ammo counts on their own.
[LIST][*] You can also handle ammo by type, so that you can have a squad that only uses bolts/arrows left over by invaders, etc.[*] You have similar control over Hunter ammo.[/LIST] [*] Training weapons are in now, made at the carpenter's shop. Due to the nature of the material rewrite, these weapons lack of edges make them far less dangerous.[*] Dwarves can handle any weapon now (they are not restricted to the current 6 weapons).
[LIST][*] Blowdart squads confirmed.[/LIST] [*] Critters now become familiar/accustomed to items they use often, such as armor and weapons. Being familiar with an item gives them better rolls during combat.
[LIST][*] They can also become attached to items and will refuse upgrades.[/LIST] [*] Items keep track of creatures they kill now, and that will show up in the legends mode[*] Items can become "named" - raised to a semi-artifact level - if they have seen a lot of battles or have killed someone of a historical figure era-level of importance.[*] Dwarves will now fill up their quivers properly - they will not go into combat with 1 bolt in their quiver if they can help it.[*] You can assign specific items to units (useful for cases such as artifacts).[*] Dwarves assigned to squads will go train in their free time if they have self-discipline. This includes individual drilling practice.[*] 1/3 of dwarves have a "favored" weapon.[/LIST]Weapons and Armor Changes
[LIST][*] All weapons now have multiple attack types (a sword can use a thrusting attack, or with the blade itself, or even the pommel) and each attack can do a different type of damage.[*] Armor skill and quality of the armor increases your "deflection" roll, which alters the effective force of an attack.[*] Weapons don't use hardcoded % damage anymore, but rather, use their material's various properties in order to determine damage.[*] The swing velocity of a hammer is determined by the strength and weight of the hammer itself, among other things.[*] Woven/Chain items have a "structural elasticity" property (compared to plate/scale).
The new combat reports. Note the date, ability to zoom on location, and more flavorful descriptions[/LIST]Attacks Changes
[LIST][*] Combat has been entirely rebalanced due to the new material and body changes.[*] Small creatures are now able to take on larger creatures by pecking away at their bodies, something which was impossible in the old version.
[LIST][*] Thanks to the material rewrite, though, a well armored knight will fare without many problems against 20 groundhogs.[*] Multiple small attacks will have a cumulative effect.[/LIST] [*] "I had a dragon fight some lions, and after a little bit of dragonfire and close combat, I ended up with a dragon covered with the gramatically-in-progress "lion melted fat spatter". - Toady[*] Attacks take into account the position and relative nature of the body. Attacks won't 'loopity-loop' through the body.[*] Temperature transfer between wrestlers is now possible, so think twice before wrestling that spirit of fire.
[LIST][*] Stuck-ins also transfer temperature.[/LIST] [*] Ranged damage has been nerfed, in addition to bolts making "logical" paths now. The firing rate remains the same.[*] There's now a notion of a "squared shot", in that your attack could hit someone's arm full force, but if you didn't hit in in the right area, the bone would not break. This helps many problems, such as with bolts, as well as axes/swords not lopping everything off everything you swing.[*] Twisting your weapon in a wound has been balanced, and won't just amplify damage forever.[*] Toady on the path of the force of an attack: "The armor is all checked in order from outer to inner, then it gets at the tissue layers, altering the character of the attack as it goes".[*] Attacks can pass through a wound sufficiently large enough.[*] Force from blunt weapons can transcend layers. For instance, a hammer can bruise the skin while breaking the bone underneath.
[LIST][*] As such, plate armor's benefits are generally ignored by blunt attacks, and leather armor would prove to be more effective.[/LIST] [*] "Solid breath can take the form of a forward moving dust puff that accidentally knocks people out due to some cave-in code. When I fix that, KOs make or may not be a parameter. Solid breath can also take the form of a solid glob (a small one right now) that is hurled like a stone. It might as well be a thrown stone of the solid. Solid breath can also be an undirected dust puff (also accidental knockouts)." - Toady[/LIST]Attributes/Skills Overhaul
[LIST][*] The attribute system has received an overhaul. There are now 19 attributes split across physical and mental. They are:
[LIST][*] STRENGTH[*] AGILITY[*] TOUGHNESS[*] ENDURANCE - this'll take some of the weight off of toughness and control your exertion.[*] RECUPERATION - somebody suggested "resilience". I don't really like any of the names... in any case, this will control the healing of your physical wounds.[*] DISEASE RESISTANCE - the more time I spend on infection and venom, the more this will matter for this release. There will also likely be a notion of specific immunities, some of which you could gain with exposure or whatever ends up making the most sense.[/LIST] [*] Soul:
[LIST][*] ANALYTICAL ABILITY - thinky stuff.[*] MEMORY - remembery stuff.[*] CREATIVITY - being able to make up neat stuff.[*] INTUITION - being able to get stuff.[*] FOCUS - being able to get into stuff.[*] WILLPOWER - being able to keep on with and cope with stuff.[*] PATIENCE - being able to handle not doing stuff.[*] SPATIAL_SENSE - sense of surrounding stuff.[*] KINESTHETIC SENSE - sense of own stuff.[*] LINGUISTIC ABILITY - all of the wordsy stuff.[*] MUSICALITY - musicky stuff.[*] EMPATHY - being able to feel other peoples' stuff.[*] SOCIAL_AWARENESS - being able to manage and handle social stuff.[/LIST] [/LIST] [*] Creatures now have souls, and these souls serve as storage for a creature's mental attributes and skills.
[LIST][*] Creatures can have multiple souls, though there is no such use in the current version.[/LIST] [*] Attributes and skills can now "rust" if the attribute/skill is unused for a long period of time. The more rust the skill or attribute has, the less effective it is, and high enough rust will actually "delevel" the ability. Rust can be worked off by simply using the attribute or skill in question.[*] Attribute/skill display system has been redone so as to not overwhelm the player.
[LIST][*] Skills have been split up into 15 logical groups to make assigning skills easier.[/LIST] [*] Creatures now have a "situational awareness" skill, which handles a creatures ability to deal with surprise attacks and ambushes.[*]Wrestling has been split into the following skills:
[LIST][*] Wrestling[*] Dodging[*] Grasp strikes[*] Stance strikes[/LIST] [*] There are also general melee and range attack skills (which help with combat rolls but are separate from "axe mastery", etc..).[*] Attributes and rust rates are linked to specific castes, so you could have brutes intermixed with brainy creatures of a single race.[*] "Ceilings of attributes are a percentage of the starting value. So a strength 1000 dwarf might attain 2000, and a strength 750 dwarf might attain 1500." - Toady[/LIST]Appearance Changes
[LIST][*] Creatures are now unique to each other with different appearances, including hair color, facial features, etc.
[LIST][*] These are visible in adventurer mode as well.[*] Different color patterns are also available, like striped or mottled.[/LIST] [*] Creatures can also be fatter/taller/etc. than usual. This affects their size. Fatter creatures can last without food longer.
[LIST][*] Creatures have a metabolism now, which deals with how fast they heal and how fast they burn fat.[*] Fat creatures also move slower.[/LIST] [*] The trimming of hair/nails is also possible for civilized creatures, and they will grow long and unkempt without such activities.[*] Creatures inherit appearances from their parents. This include dominant/recessive genes.
[LIST][*] As one example, you can use this system to breed your dogs to a certain color/size.[/LIST] [*] Layer trimming/caring uses style definitions from a culture. Some cultures may grow beards, others may shave them. Prisoners, etc. may be forced to adapter these new styles.[*] Speaking of beards, as if it wasn't obvious by now, but this means Dwarves finally have beards.
[LIST][*] On a more startling note - so do elves![/LIST] [*] Creatures can now be part of a caste, and this may govern many things, such as their profession, appearance, etc.
The new description window.[/LIST]Bodies
[LIST][*] Tissues now come in layers. You must bypass a layer to reach one below it. Some layers are dependent on others (hair can only exist if there's skin underneath it, etc.).[*] Hair acts as a layer on skin. It can come in many different styles (sparse, strands, etc.).[*] Hair grows and eventually grays over time. It can be trimmed, and if left alone it will become shaggy and unkempt.[*] Body parts and tissue layers can be made out of any material you want, such as for logical creatures like Iron Men, and illogical abominations like Dwarf Lung Men.[*] It's now possible for some creatures to be made out of solid material, such as iron men, who are much harder to fight.[*] You can also have hollow body parts, perhaps filled with air or other materials.[*] Some layers can serve as protection, such as chitin layers. Bone layers also protect organs, such as the skull protecting the brain.[*] Creatures now have teeth, rib, cheeks, eyelids, nails, and lips. Teeth and ribs are no longer individualized, but rather are tracked by groups (i.e., top left molars, etc.).[*] Creatures also now have tendons and ligaments, and are made from the "sinew" material.[*] Creatures store energy from their food, getting fatter and more muscular.
[LIST][*] Fat affects such things as insulation, effects on speed, etc.[*] Strength also increases muscle size. Both have an effect on a creature's total size.[/LIST] [*] Guts are realistically colored - crazy stuff.[*] It is now possible to "flay" a creature. Have fun.[*] Skeletal critter now have their bones held together by rotted ligaments.[/LIST]Thoughts
[LIST][*] "Thoughts" of a dwarf have been redone. The new screen includes their current thoughts, age/birthday, physical description paragraph, a description of their attributes, their likes/dislikes, and their mannerisms. Also included are descriptions for their wounds/scars.[*] A dwarf's birthday and age are stored in their profile now.[*] Dwarves now have mannerisms, such as "always scratches his head when he's trying to remember something", "laughs at his own jokes" or "talks to herself whenever she's bored". There are 65 types with 3-5 situation qualifiers.[/LIST]Fortress Mode-Specific Changes
[LIST][*] Burrows! Burrows are areas in your fort where dwarves live and work in. You can assign these areas like zones and assign dwarves to them. Dwarves will only use workshops, rooms, etc. in burrows they are assigned to.[*] There are a signifigant number of ways to utilize burrows, from restricting certain mining expeditions to skilled dwarves, to making noble districts, to setting "emergency" zones for civilians to flee to, etc.[*] You can set soldiers so that they defend certain burrows. If an enemy enters a burrow they know enough to stop what they're doing and head towards it to defend it.[*] You may choose and appoint someone as your baron when you reach barony status. You can elect not to have one as well.[*] There are now "code generated" positions, such as priests who are named after the god they worship (Priest of Ciramore, etc.).[*] Dwarves won't immediately drop everything if they find themselves hungry or tired, and will try to finish their current job first.[*] There's a difference between sleeping barracks and squad barracks.[*] Liaisons will be be generated from scratch if they die.[*] Staircases can be built down into an open area (like a pseudo-rope).[/LIST]Workshops
[LIST][*] Statues and figurines now have art associated with them.
[LIST][*] "Statues of specific dwarves get the dwarf's name right in the item name."[/LIST] [*] Custom workshops are now able to be modded in, allowing you to set up custom reactions.
[LIST][*] These can support corpse harvested items, like shells/horns, and might use barrels/other containers.[/LIST] [*] You can now make crafts out of horn, ivory, teeth, and other new body parts.
[LIST][*] These include dragontooth rings and ivory crowns.[/LIST] [*] Butchery has been overhauled due to the new body part systems, with creatures yielding many more parts for consumption.[*] It is now possible to have automated fishing cleaning and fat rendering.[*] Turtle shells are now "processed" from a turtle at the fishery; before, a dwarf had to eat a turtle to produce the shell.
Statues now have art associated with them.
Some new crafts you can make.
Some delicious new items obtained via butchery.[/LIST]Alerts and Announcements
[LIST][*] The alert statuses (e.g. "Stay Indoors") have been entirely redone. You may set several custom alerts with user defined reactions. For instance, you could set a "Underground Attack" alert where you force soldiers to equip melee weapons and head to a predefined location.[*] These alerts can also be assigned to civilians, such as telling them to flee to the great hall.[*] Combat reports have been redone in hopes of consolidating sentences and making it more interesting to read.[*] Combat reports are separated into combat, sparring, and hunting reports. You'll see a notification on the side of the screen letting you know a combat report has been generated.
[LIST][*] They are also timestamped.[/LIST] [*] You can choose different options for each announcement, like whether you want it to pause the game or recenter your view.[/LIST]Healthcare
Doctors, hospitals, and how to cure what ails you.
[LIST][*] Hospitals are used like zones. Items it can used within these zones (beds, tables, boxes) are allow for hospital use.
[LIST][*] They also use a new item, called a traction bench.[/LIST] [*] Doctors can "prescribe" treatment, such as bedrest, using splints for broken bones, amputation for infected limbs, and surgery.
[LIST][*] Doctors will set bones for simple fractures, use traction for difficult overlapping fractures and use surgery for disgusting compound fractures. They also excise rotting tissue and amputate limbs too rotted off to save.[*] The system where dwarves heal on the season change is gone.[/LIST] [*] Wounds are dressed with bandages, which speeds healing and slows bleeding.
[LIST][*] Sutures make wounds heal faster.[*] Sutures can be ripped out in combat, causing pain/bleeding.[/LIST] [*] Crutches are now in the game, allowing one legged dwarves/injured people to walk normally (as opposed to crawl). They will move faster as they get comfortable with their new crutch.
[LIST][*] Casts are also in.[/LIST] [*] Creatures can now clean the filth they acquire due to various materials, like mud, blood, vomit, etc.
[LIST][*] As such, soap has a use now, which deserves its own bullet point.[/LIST] [*] You can appoint a "chief medical dwarf" to handle the various medical information, which requires the "Diagnosis" skill.[*] Dwarves are more proactive in saving wounded people, and will do what they can in regards to bleeding on the way to the hospital.[*] "Eyelids clean the eyes so you don't have to soap them off, but if an eyelid is torn off, I think they might soap the eyes" - Toady[*] Patients can use soap/water to clean wounds and grime to reduce infections. Sutures, casts, etc. will reduce infection as well.[*] All cloth and thread items have associated lengths/areas now. Threads are use for sutures (thus, one "thread" item could be used for multiple sutures) and cloth is used for bandages. Items in this way aren't split (a-la coins or bolts), but rather, they're consumed in pieces.[*] Unskilled or apprentice doctors can make mistakes when treating a patient or doing surgery.[*] "Healthcare" as a skill is gone. It's been replaced by 7 new labor settings, 5 unit types, and 6 new skills.
[LIST][*] There are different type of doctors associated with the skills.[*] Dressing wounds, diagnosis, surgery, setting bones, suturing and walking with crutches appear to be the new skills.[/LIST]
The new wound-colouring scheme.
[/LIST]Wounds and Injuries
[LIST][*] The current 15HP-per-body-part system has been dropped in favor of individual wound tracking
[LIST][*] The above also allows for scars.[/LIST] [*] Open wounds can get simple infections, which results in oozing pus, slow healing, and can even kill.
[LIST][*] Rotting wounds smell and contribute to infection levels, as does grime buildup.[/LIST] [*] Tissue layers can boil off when exposed to extreme heat.[*] Phantom pains are gone.[*] You can damage a creature's motor and sensitivity nerves. Motor damage prevents that part from work, and sensory nerves makes you lose feeling in that body part.[*] Partial and compound fractions are now possible.[*] Fractured bone can be knocked inwards to cause damage to organs, like forcing a jagged piece of skull into the brain. Bones can also pierce layers, like having bone sticking out of your skin.[*] Guts are under pressure and can pop out of a wound.[*] Injured creatures can continue to work if they are treated. A miner who breaks his left hand will go back to mining with his right hand (after his broken hand is set in a cast).[*] "There are lots of wounds that won't heal now if they aren't treated (aside from the nerve stuff, the three kinds of bad breaks won't heal if not treated), and infected wounds heal very slowly." - Toady[/LIST]Poisons
[LIST][*] Types of poison effects: pain, swelling, oozing wounds, bruising, blisters, numbness, paralysis, fever, bleeding, coughing/vomiting blood, nausea, vomiting, unconsciousness, necrosis, impaired vision, drowsiness and dizziness.[*] Poisons can be contacted, injected, or inhaled.
[LIST][*] You can be immune to poisons; creatures seem immune to their own poisons.[*] Severs transfer containment, so that a ripped off venom fang from a Giant Cave Spider will remain venomous. As of now you cannot use it as a weapon.[/LIST] [/LIST]The Underground
[LIST][*] Underground layers have been entirely revamped, allowing for more diverse underground with new creatures, features, and other interesting goodies, such as Mushroom Forests.[*] The standard amount of layers (around 15) has been scrapped and increased dramatically, upwards of 50-100 layers.[*] Each cave layer region (which is a certain depth and portion of the world map) has its own name, animal populations, civilizations, etc.
[LIST][*] They also show up on the legends screen.[/LIST] [*] Caverns now exist underground. Caverns are open areas underneath the earth, and are home to creatures, underground lakes, and other interesting features.[*] Features are much more easy to discover, and almost every site is guaranteed to have SOMETHING interesting in it.
[LIST][*] For instance, magma is almost always guaranteed to be at the very bottom layer.[/LIST] [*] Features can span multiple world tiles, and can be explored via adventure mode and fortress mode.[*] You can use world gen parameters to get rid of underground features. The default settings are set for cavernous so you're guaranteed to find cool stuff.[*] Features are not instantly revealed anymore. Underground areas must be explored by dwarves prior to revealing features.
[LIST][*] "So yeah, the new system is to have a 60 or so tile flood out from your dwarves as they go underground, and any time they get within 30 tiles of the 60 tile flood (flags are kept when the flood got out to 30, roughly), it'll flood out again, picking up those flags and placing new ones, so it moves out in a kind of chunking way." - Toady[*] Squads can't take orders to walk into hidden zones (must reveal first).[/LIST] [*] It's possible for an adventurer to enter a massive underground cavern on one side of the world and journey all the way to the other.[*] Bottomless pits and chasms are gone for the time being, replaced by finite caverns.
An example of the new caverns. Here you can see open areas and underground lakes, as well as passages linking them together.[/LIST]Critters (normal and animalman-y)
[LIST][*] Underground animalpeople can use crude weapons and mounts now
[LIST][*] Batmen could ride giant bats and shoot poison darts at you with makeshift blowguns made from giant cave spider legs.[*] Their goal is to cause as much havoc as they can before sneaking back home.[/LIST] [*] Underground critters are "drawn" from a large population that is off site. They will replenish their population so long as a cavern has an open "edge" allowing them to spawn in.[*] The above, coupled with other changes, allows for the possibility of never-ending attacks.[*] Antmen now have creature castes which separate them, including queens.
[LIST][*] There are also antmen nests to worry about.[/LIST] [*] Gremlins are back. These sneaky dudes are invisible until spotted, and will step on pressure plates, pull levers, and open cages.[*] There are many new underground critters.[*] Animalmen have camps underground. These temporary sites are around to help adventurers find fun stuff to do.[/LIST]Critters
[LIST][*] Random critters are now possible. They come in two flavors: "Titans", which are above ground and serve as megabeasts, and "Forgotten Beasts", who live underground.[*] Random creatures are just that - random. The can have unique attacks, like firebreath or poison, as well as a random number of body modifiers like legs, wings, etc.
[LIST][*] Some examples: a ribbon worm with wings made of stretched skin. An eyeless antenna lizard. A glob of vomit inside a round shell.[/LIST] [*] They pull from certain base types (blob, quadruped, humanoid) as well as various animal/creature features.
[LIST][*] Dinosaur types (?!) are also now possible[/LIST]
[LIST][*] They have feathers to boot.[/LIST] [*] These are seen as the ultimate challenge of the game.[/LIST]HFS
[LIST][*] The old HFS that we know of is gone, replaced by new baddies. The critters of the HFS seemed to have survived the version change, however.[*] Toady has spent countless days working on the new HFS, and he's been silent on what it could entail.[*] There is a lot of nasty stuff underneath, seemingly related to the old "end of the world" timers.[*] It should be a bit different, a bit the same, and always a threat rather than a one-time problem.[/LIST]The World
[LIST][*] There is now the notion of a split leadership. Some leaders may prefer to be "traditional" rulers, hanging back in their cities while appointing generals to command their armies. Others may prefer to lead battles and wars themselves.[*] Goblin society is more violent than ever. They respect those with power, and demons will be forced to kill for their loyalty. Other goblins, however, can do the same.
[LIST][*] Goblins obtain their structure over the course of world generation. For instance, demons are not hardcoded as leaders, and must earn their position.[/LIST] [*] Forgotten beasts can escape from the underground and try and pass themselves off as gods, gaining worshippers and taking control of civilizations.[*] Leaders of civilizations can now own "pets" - and by that, I mean they can tame wild animals and use them in war. Giant eagles, tigers, everything is fair game.
[LIST][*] Elves have a great advantage here for obvious reasons, but dwarves will be able to make use of underground beasts.[/LIST] [*] Priests are back.[/LIST]World Generation
[LIST][*] "I've added the ability to specify in the world gen params the number of sky z-levels, the number of z-levels minimum between each layer (it'll often be more because of elevation changes), and the number of extra z-levels down at the bottom." - Toady[*] Much of the map feature code was rewritten to be more flexible in future expansions and updates.[/LIST]Megabeasts (general and Titans)
[LIST][*] Megabeasts aren't pushovers in worldgen anymore, and will survive longer and get more kills.[*] Titans in good areas will be benign/neutral to creatures.[/LIST]